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 Basic Words & Expressions


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Hello! Здравствуйте! ZDRAHST-vooy-teh!
Hi! Привет! pree-VEHT!
Good morning. Доброе утро. DO-bra-yeh OO-tra.
Good day. Добрый день. DO-briy dehn'.
Good evening. Добрый вечер. DO-briy VEH-chehr.
How are you? Как вы поживаете? kahk vi pa-zhi-VA-yeh-teh?
How's it going?
What's up?
Как дела? kahk deh-LA?
Fine, thanks, and you? Хорошо, спасибо, а вы? ha-ra-SHO, spa-SEE-ba, ah vi?
Not bad. Неплохо. neh-PLO-ha.


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Let me introduce myself. Разрешите представиться. rahz-ree-SHI-teh preet-STA-vee-tsa.
I want you to meet ...     Познакомьтесь с... pa-zna-KOHM'-tehs' s …
... my wife.   ... моей женой. ... ma-YEHY zheh-NOHY.
... my husband.   ... моим мужем. ... ma-EEM MOO-zhehm.
I am very happy to meet you.
Очень рад.
Очень рада.
OH-chehn' raht.
OH-chehn' RA-da.
My name is John.   Меня зовут Джон. meh-N'A za-VOOT dzhohn.
What is your name? Как вас зовут? kahk vahs za-VOOT?
Where are you from? Откуда вы? aht-KOO-da vi?
I am from the USA. Я из США. ya ees SEH-SHEH-AH.
And you? А вы? ah vi?
I am American.
Я американец.
Я американка.
ya ah-meh-ree-KA-nehts.
ya ah-meh-ree-KAHN-ka.
Welcome! Добро пожаловать! da-BRO pa-ZHA-la-vaht'!
Thank you very much. Большое спасибо. bahl'-SHO-yeh spa-SEE-ba.
You are very kind. Вы очень добры. vi OH-chehn' dah-BRI.
  The Russians use an equivalent word for Mr.- господин (ga-spa-deen) (male), for Mrs. and Miss - госпожа (ga-spa-zha) (female) only on governmental or formal occasions. Today one normally uses person's first and middle (patronymic) name together or, upon better acquaintance, just the first name. But if a person is older than you, you should always use his/her name and patronymic together.


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I must be going.
Я должен идти.
Я должна идти.
ya DOHL-zhehn ee-TEE.
ya dahl-ZHNA ee-TEE.
Good-bye. До свидания. da svee-DA-nee-ya.
Good night. Спокойной ночи. spa-KOHY-nahy NO-chee.
So long. Пока. pa-KA.
Hope we’ll meet again. Надеюсь, мы ещё увидимся. na-DEH-yoos', mi ee-SHCHO oo-VEE-deem-s'a.

 General Vocabulary

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I don’t speak Russian. Я не говорю по-русски. уа neh ga-va-R'OO pa - ROOS-kee.
I speak only a little Russian. Я немного говорю по-русски. уа neh-MNO-ga ga-va-R'OO pa - ROOS-kee.
I understand. Я понимаю. уа pa-nee-MA-yoo.
I don't understand. Я не понимаю. уа neh pa-nee-MA-yoo.
Speak slowly. Говорите медленно. ga-va-REE-teh MEH-dleh-na.
Repeat, please. Повторите, пожалуйста. pah-fta-REE-teh, pa-ZHA-loo-sta.
Yes. Да. da.
No. Нет. neht.
Perhaps. Может быть. MO-zheht bit'.
Certainly. Конечно. ka-NEHSH-na.
That’s good. Это хорошо. EH-ta ha-ra-SHO.
That’s bad. Это плохо. EH-ta PLO-ha.
Please. Пожалуйста. pa-ZHA-loo-sta.
Thank you. Спасибо. spa-SEE-ba.
Not at all. Не за что. NEH za shtoh.
You are welcome. Пожалуйста.
На здоровье.
na zda-RO-v'yeh.
I'm sorry.
Excuse me.
Извините. eez-vee-NEE-teh.
Help! Помогите! pa-ma-GHEE-teh!
Oh! Aх!
Oops! Ё моё! yo ma-YO!
I я ya
you (addressing one person) Вы (formal, polite form)
ты (informal form)
  English pronoun "you" corresponds to two Russian pronouns - ты (ti) and Вы (vi). Вы is used either if you address a person, who is older than you, or if you just want to emphasize that you respect him/her (official tone). When people see each other for the first time they also should use Вы. During the conversation they both may start to say ты after a while.
he он ohn
she она ah-NA
it оно ah-NO
we мы mi
you (addressing several persons) вы vi
they они ah-NEE
here здесь zdehs'
there там tahm
this это EH-ta
that то toh
now cейчас seh-CHAHSS
not now нe сейчас neh seh-CHAHSS
later позже POHZ-zheh
soon скоро SKO-ra

 Interrogative Words & Expressions

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Who? Кто? ktoh?
What? Что? shtoh?
Which? Какой?
  "What, what sort of" in singular masculine is какой (ka-kohy), in singular feminine is какая (ka-ka-ya), in singular neuter is какое (ka-ko-yeh), all genders in plural is какие (ka-kee-yeh).
"Which, what particular one or ones" in singular masculine is который (ka-to-riy), in singular feminine is которая (ka-to-ra-ya), in singular neuter is которое (ka-to-ra-yeh), all genders in plural is которые (ka-to-ri-yeh).

See details in our Grammar Reference Book.

When? Когда? kahg-DA?
Where? Где? gdeh?
Where from? Откуда? aht-KOO-da?
Why? Почему? pa-chee-MOO?
How? Как? kahk?
How much/many? Сколько? SKOHL'-ka?
How much time? Сколько времени? SKOHL'-ka VREH-mеh-nee?
How much money? Сколько денег? SKOHL'-ka DEH-nehk?
Who is this? Кто это? ktoh EH-ta?
Who's there? Кто там? ktoh tahm?
What is this? Что это? shtoh EH-ta?
Where are we? Где мы? gdeh mi?
Where is that? Где это? gdeh EH-ta?
How do we call it?
How is it called?
Как это называется? kahk EH-ta na-zi-VA-yeh-tsa?
What did you say? Что вы сказали? shtoh vi ska-ZA-lee?
What are you doing? Что вы делаете? shtoh vi DEH-la-yeh-teh?
What do you want? Что вы хотите? shtoh vi ha-TEE-teh?
What do you need? Что вам нужно? shtoh vahm NOOZH-na?
What's the trouble?
What's the matter?
В чём дело? f chohm DEH-la?
What's happened? Что случилось? shtoh sloo-CHEE-lahs'?
What can I do for you? Чем я могу вам помочь? chehm ya ma-GOO vahm pa-MOHCH?
Can you help me? Вы можете мне помочь? vi MO-zheh-teh mneh pa-MOHCH?
May I smoke here? Здесь можно курить? zdehs' MOHZH-na koo-REET'?
O.K.? Хорошо? ha-ra-SHO?
Is that all? Это всё? EH-ta fs'o?
Where is the men's room?   Где мужской туалет? gdeh moosh-SKOHY too-ah-LEHT?
Where is the ladies' room?   Где женский туалет? gdeh ZHEHN-skeey too-ah-LEHT?
Could you answer my question? Не могли бы вы ответить на мой вопрос? neh mahg-LEE bi vi aht-VEH-teet' na mohy va-PROHS?
Do you have a phrasebook? У вас есть разговорник? оо vahs yehst' rahz-ga-VOHR-neek?
Do you want to study Russian? Вы хотите изучать русский? vi ha-TEE-teh ee-zoo-CHAHT' ROOS-keey?

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